POLICY ON ACADEMIC INTEGRITY
This Policy applies to any and all student experiences in which academic credit is involved (e.g., courses, internships, dissertation, etc.).
Because academic integrity is a cornerstone of the University’s commitment to the principles of free inquiry, students are responsible for learning and upholding professional standards of research, writing, assessment, and ethics in their areas of study. In the academic community the high value placed on truth implies a corresponding intolerance of scholastic dishonesty. Written or other work which students submit must be the product of their own efforts and must be consistent with appropriate standards of professional ethics. Academic dishonesty, which includes cheating, plagiarism and other forms of dishonest or unethical behavior, is prohibited.
A breakdown of behaviors that constitute academic dishonesty is presented below. The definitions and clarifications are meant to provide additional information and examples of these behaviors. They are not intended to be all-inclusive. Questions regarding this policy or requests for additional clarification can be directed to the Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs or the Provost.
- Academic Dishonesty
A. Cheating on Examinations
Definition: Cheating is using or attempting to use materials, information, notes, study aids, or other assistance in any type of examination which have not been authorized by the instructor.
- Students completing any type of examination are prohibited from using external aids of any sort (e.g., books, notes, calculators, and conversation with others) unless the instructor has indicated specifically in advance that this will be allowed.
- Student may not take examinations in the place of other persons. Students may not allow other persons to take examinations in their places.
- Students may not acquire unauthorized information about an examination and may not use any such information improperly acquired by others.
Definition: Plagiarism is intentionally or carelessly presenting the work of another as one’s own. It includes submitting an assignment claiming to be the student’s original work which has wholly or in part been created by another person. It also includes the presentation of the work, ideas, representations, or words of another person without customary and proper acknowledgement of sources (Primary and secondary materials, electronic media, and information and opinions gained directly from other people). Students must consult with their instructors for clarification in any situation in which the need for documentation is an issue, and will have plagiarized in any situation in which their work is not properly documented. To avoid plagiarism, always give credit to the sources you use.
- Every direct quotation must be identified by quotation marks or appropriate indentation and must be properly acknowledged by parenthetical citation in the text or in a footnote or endnote.
- When material from another source is paraphrased or summarized in whole or in part in one’s own words, that source must be acknowledged in a footnote or endnote, or by parenthetical citation in the text.
- Information gained in reading or research that is not common professional knowledge must be acknowledged in a parenthetical citation in the text or in a footnote or endnote.
- This prohibition includes, but is not limited to, the use of papers, reports, projects, and other such materials prepared by someone else.
Consequences of Plagiarism
When you plagiarize – intentionally or unintentionally – you put your academic career at risk. Institutions of higher learning have a low tolerance for stealing other people’s ideas. If it is determined by a student’s Instructor, Mentor, or any other staff member, that plagiarism has occurred, the student will not receive credit for that course. If plagiarism re-occurs, the student’s enrollment at HUHS may be suspended.
C. Copyright Infringement
Definition: Copyright infringement is the act of exercising, without permission or legal authority, one or more of the exclusive rights granted to the copyright owner under section 106 of the Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code). These rights include the right to reproduce or distribute a copyrighted work. In the file-sharing context, downloading or uploading substantial parts of a copyrighted work without authority constitutes an infringement.
Unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material, including unauthorized peer-to-peer file sharing, may be subject to civil and criminal liabilities.
Penalties for copyright infringement include civil and criminal penalties. In general, anyone found liable for civil copyright infringement may be ordered to pay either actual damages or “statutory” damages affixed at not less than $750 and not more than $30,000 per work infringed. For “willful” infringement, a court may award up to $150,000 per work infringed. A court can, in its discretion, also assess costs and attorneys’ fees. For details, see Title 17, United States Code, Sections 504, 505. Willful copyright infringement can also result in criminal penalties, including imprisonment of up to five years and fines of up to $250,000 per offense.
D. Fabrication, Forgery and Obstruction
Definition: Fabrication is the use of invented, counterfeited, altered or forged
information in assignments of any type including those activities done in conjunction with academic courses that require students to be involved in out of classroom experiences.
Forgery is the imitating or counterfeiting of images, documents, signatures, and the like.
Obstruction is any behavior that limits the academic opportunities of other students by improperly impeding their work or their access to educational resources.
- Fabricated or forged information may not be used in any laboratory experiment, report of research, or academic exercise. Invention for artistic purposes is legitimate under circumstances explicitly authorized by an instructor.
- Students may not furnish to instructors fabricated or forged explanations of absences or of other aspects of their performance and behavior.
- Students may not furnish, or attempt to furnish, fabricated, forged or misleading information to college officials on college records, or on records of agencies in which students are fulfilling academic assignments.
- Students may not steal, change, or destroy another student’s work. Students may not impede the work of others by the theft, defacement, or mutilation of resources so as to deprive others of their use.
E. Multiple Submissions
Definition: Multiple submissions are the submission of the same or substantially the same work for credit in two or more courses.
Multiple submissions shall include the use of any prior academic effort previously submitted for academic credit at this or a different institution.
Multiple submissions shall not include those situations where the prior written approval by the instructor in the current course is given to the student to use a prior academic work or endeavor.
- Students may not normally submit any academic assignment, work, or endeavor in more than one course for academic credit of any sort.
- Students may not normally submit the same or substantially the same work in two different classes for academic credit even if the work is being graded on different bases in the separate courses (e.g., graded for research effort and content versus grammar and spelling).
- Students may resubmit a prior academic endeavor if there is substantial new work, research, or other appropriate additional effort. The student shall disclose the use of the prior work to the instructor and receive the instructor’s permission to use it PRIOR to the submission of the current endeavor.
- Students may submit the same or substantially the same work in two or more courses with the prior written permission of all faculty involved. Instructors will specify the expected academic effort applicable to their courses and the overall endeavor shall reflect the same or additional academic effort as if separate assignments were submitted in each course. Failure by the student to obtain the written permission of each instructor shall be considered a multiple submission.
Definition: Complicity is assisting or attempting to assist another person in any act of academic dishonesty.
- Students may not allow other students to copy from their papers during any type of examination.
- Students may not assist other students in acts of academic dishonesty by providing material of any kind that one may have reason to believe will be misrepresented to an instructor or other university official.
- Students may not provide substantive information about test questions or the material to be tested before a scheduled examination unless they have been specifically authorized to do so by the course instructor.
G. Misconduct in Research and Creative Endeavors
Definition: Misconduct in Research is serious deviation from the accepted professional practices within a discipline or from the policies of the college in carrying out, reporting, or exhibiting the results of research or in publishing, exhibiting or performing creative endeavors. It includes the fabrication or falsification of data, plagiarism and scientific or creative misrepresentation. It does not include honest error or honest disagreement about the interpretation of data.
- Students may not invent or counterfeit information.
- Students not report results dishonestly, whether by altering data, by improperly revising data, by selective reporting or analysis of data, or by being grossly negligent in the collecting or analysis of data.
- Students may not represent another person’s ideas, writing or data as their own.
- Students may not appropriate or release the ideas or data of others when such data have been shared in the expectation of confidentiality.
- Students may not publish, exhibit or perform work in circumstances that will mislead others. They may not misrepresent the nature o the material or it originality and they may not add or delete the names of authors without permission.
- Students must adhere to all federal, state, municipal and university regulations for the protection of human and other animal subjects.
- Students may not conceal or otherwise fail to report any misconduct involving research, professional conduct or artistic performance of which they have knowledge.
H. Computer Misuse
Definition: Misuse of computers is disruptive unethical or illegal use of the college’s computer resources. Misuse of computers also include disruptive, unethical or illegal use of the computers of another institution or agency in which students are performing part of their academic program.
- Students may not use the college computer system in support of nay act of plagiarism.
- Students may not monitor or tamper with another person’s electronic communications.
- Students may not use college computer resources to engage in illegal activity, including but not limited to the following: illegally accessing other computer systems, exchanging stolen information and violating copyright agreements which involve software or any other protected material.
- Misuse of Intellectual Property
Definition: Misuse of intellectual property is the illegal use of copyright materials, trademarks, trade secrets or intellectual properties.
Clarification: Students may not violate the college policy concerning the fair use of copies. This can be found in the HUHS catalog under Intellectual Property Rights of the Student.
- Ethical and Professional Behavior
Students are expected to adhere to the ethical and professional standards associated with their programs and academic courses. Such standards are generally communicated to students by instructors and are available through publications produced by professional organizations. Unethical or unprofessional behavior will be treated in the same manner as academic dishonesty.
- Sanctions for Violations of the Policy on Academic Integrity
In cases involving violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity, determination of the student’s grade and status in the course are made by the instructor or the Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs. The instructor’s or Senior Vice President’s determination can be appealed by the student to the Provost in which the offense has occurred.
- Process for Handling Alleged Violation of this Policy
In cases involving violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity, determination of the student’s grade and status in the course are made by the instructor. The instructor’s determination can be appealed by the student to the Provost.
A. Informal Proceedings – (See APPENDIX 1 for Academic Integrity Form used for informal proceedings)
- Conference with the Student
A conference between the student and the instructor or the Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs is the first, and may be the only, step in addressing alleged violations of the Policy on Academic Integrity.
If an instructor or the Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs has reason to believe that a student has committed a violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity, the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs will contact the student within a reasonable period of time to notify the student of the suspected violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity and set up an informal meeting through telephone or Skype between the student and instructor.
A student has the right to decline to talk about the matter with the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs until they have a meeting. Any meeting shall take place as soon as possible after the discovery of the alleged violation. Neither the instructor nor the student nor the Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs may be represented or accompanied by an attorney or any other advisor.
At the meeting, the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs will inform the student of the details of the alleged violation and will give the student a copy of the Policy on Academic Integrity. It will be the responsibility of the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs to present evidence of the alleged violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity. The student will be provided the opportunity to respond to the allegation and may explain any suspected or alleged misconduct by presenting evidence, giving additional information relevant to the matter, explaining extenuating or mitigating circumstance, or acknowledging a violation.
If the student declines to discuss the matter or attend a meeting with the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs, or is unavailable for more than ten (10) business days, the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs shall make a determination as to whether a violation of this Policy has occurred and what the appropriate sanction will be.
If, after completing the above process, the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs believes there is a preponderance of evidence that the student violated the Policy on Academic Integrity, the instructor or Senior Vice President, Administration and Academic Affairs may make an admonition to the student (i.e., an oral statement that the student has violated the Policy on Academic Integrity) or impose one or more of the following:
- A written notice that the student has violated the Policy on Academic Integrity and that further violation may result in additional sanctions. A copy of the Academic Integrity Form concerning the violation will be placed in student’s file.
- Revision of Work. A requirement that the student revise or replace the work in which the violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity occurred. The instructor may assign a deferred grade pending the replacement or revision of the work.
- Reduction in Grade. The grade on the assignment or in the course may be lowered.
In addition to the above sanctions, an instructor may refer the matter to the Dean of Undergraduate Studies or the Dean of Graduate Studies for formal proceedings seeking additional sanctions under the Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities and Disciplinary Procedures. When an instructor decides to impose any sanction(s) the instructor will notify the student of this decision by emailing or sending a letter to the student through mail. The letter or email will inform the student of the sanction(s) imposed because of the violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity. The notice will be emailed with a read receipt or mailed to the last address for the student on file with the College Office of the Registrar. The notice will be deemed received two (2) days following the date the notice is posted at facilities of the United States Post Office. In the absence of mailing, personal delivery to the student cited, or delivery to the last home address on file in the Office of the Registrar constitutes proper notice. If personal delivery to the student or delivery to the last home address is used, the date notice is so delivered shall be deemed the date the notice is received. A faculty member is encouraged to make a copy of this letter part of a file on the violation maintained in the student’s file. Instructors are encouraged to report incidents of violations of this Policy on Academic Integrity to the Dean of Undergraduate Studies or the Dean of Graduate Studies and any sanctions they have imposed to the Provost. Dean of Undergraduate Studies or the Dean of Graduate Studies will document the incident, maintain a file of its records, and may initiate formal proceedings for disciplinary action against the student under the “Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities and Disciplinary Procedures.”
2. Appeal of an Informal Proceeding
A student sanctioned for violation of the Policy on Academic Integrity may appeal the instructor’s decision that a violation of the Policy has occurred, and/or the sanction. The appeal must be submitted in writing to the instructor and to the Provost not later than ten (10) business days after the student has been notified of the instructor’s decision. An appeal not made within the time limit will not be heard unless an exception is made by the Provost. An appeal is made by submitting a written statement of appeal to the instructor and Provost within the time limit. The written statement of appeal must state: the name of the person appealing, the basis of the appeal, the instructor making the decision from which the appeal is made, and the remedy which the person appealing is requesting from the dean. The Provost is final authority on all academic matters.
If it is necessary pending the resolution of an appeal, the student will be assigned a deferred grade. A copy of the appeal and the dean’s resolution of the appeal will be part of the file on the violation maintained by the Registrar. Failure to appeal a sanction after an informal conference with an instructor constitutes acknowledgement that the student violated the Policy on Academic Integrity.
Provost: Gene Bruno
118 Legacy View Way
Knoxville, TN 37918
(865) 524-8079 x 7
B. Formal Proceedings in the Office of the Dean
If the instructor believes that a student has violated the Policy on Academic Integrity and that the violation is sufficiently serious, the instructor may refer the case to the Dean of Undergraduate Studies or Dean of Graduate Studies for the consideration of additional sanctions. The following procedures will be followed.
- As part of the letter notifying the student of the sanction(s) resulting from the informal meeting, the instructor will inform the student that formal proceedings by the Dean of Undergraduate Studies or Dean of Graduate Studies are being requested.
- The instructor will forward all documentation supporting the allegation of violation to the Dean of Undergraduate Studies or Dean of Graduate Studies with a cover letter describing the situation. Examples of documentation include the course syllabus, quiz or exam, assignment, source of plagiarism.
- The Dean of Undergraduate Studies or Dean of Graduate Studies will determine a sanction and will notify the instructor of its determination.
- This sanction will be recorded on the student’s permanent disciplinary record, subject to release only under the terms of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.
- The instructor will be notified of the outcome of the hearing.
- Possible Sanctions
The sanction given to a student is entirely up to the instructor/administrator based on the severity of the violation. The following are only examples of possible sanctions that can be given:
- Disciplinary warning.
- A make-up assignment that may be more difficult than the original assignment.
- No credit for the original assignment/exam.
- A failing grade on the assignment/exam.
- Dismissal from the College depending on the severity of the violation or repeat offenders
- Concerning Sanctions
- A student cannot withdraw from a course once an academic integrity violation has occurred.
- A grade of F received as a result of an academic integrity violation cannot be removed from the calculation of the GPA should the course in question be repeated. Revised 2/28/2017
- The Academic Integrity sanction letter will be placed in the student’s file along with the instructor’s report.
- False statements made during the course of the process may result in additional sanction(s).
- Appeal Process for Dismissal
Students may appeal dismissal decision in writing within five (5) business days of the notification of the decision by contacting the Provost, Gene Bruno:
Provost: Gene Bruno; Gene.Bruno@huhs.edu;
118 Legacy View Way, Knoxville, TN 37918
T: (865) 524-8079, Ext 7
The Academic Retention Committee will meet and make the final decision.